Husk mig
▼ Indhold

Derfor er der ingen grund til at være skeptisk I



Side 40 af 41<<<38394041>
26-11-2016 20:17
kfl
★★★★☆
(1778)
Jeg gider ikke dette person fnidder.
26-11-2016 23:37
N A Nielsen
★★★☆☆
(990)
kfl:

Jeg tog for nylig emnet pesticider op, herunder anvendelse af Glyphosat i Argentina. Dette emne er bestemt ikke afsluttet. Det er et problemet, der er omtalt af mange kilder primært blogs og aviser, men det er svært, at finde videnskablig litteratur ud over hvad Monsanto skriver. Derfor vil der gå nogen tid med at finde ind til de rigtige kilde. NAN har bidraget med én kilder. Tak for det.


Ingen årsag. Jeg synes det er synd for dig, at du ikke kan finde litteratur, men mange gange er det en rigtig god idé at gå til de kilder, som man faktisk har og dykke ned i litteraturlisterne der. Jeg har givet dig link til amerikanske og europæiske sundhedsmyndigheders redegørelser om glyphosat og kræft, der konkluderer, at det er usandsynligt, at glyphosat er kræftfremkaldende. Den amerikanske rapport har for eksempel et par referencer at starte på, som er en smule mere troværdige end dem fra Hong Kong damens ISIS-hjemmeside:

References
Alvarez-Moya et al. (2014) "Comparison of the in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine salt in three different organisms". Genetics and Molecular Biology, 37, 1, 105-110
Akanuma, M. (1995). HR-001: Reverse Mutation Test. Kodaira Laboratories. The Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Tokyo, Japan. Laboratory Project ID: IET 94-0142.
April 3, 1995. MRID 50017102. Unpublished.
Andreotti, G., Freeman, L.E., Hou, L., Coble, J., Rusiecki, J., Hoppin, J.A., Silverman, D.T., and Alavanja, M.C. (2009). Agricultural pesticide use and pancreatic cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study Cohort. International journal of cancer 124, 2495-2500.
Atkinson, C., Strutt, A., Henderson, W., et al. (1993a). 104-Week Chronic Feeding/ Oncogenicity study in rats with 52-week interim kill. MRID No. 49631701. Unpublished
Atkinson, C., Martin, T., Hudson, P., and Robb, D. (1993b). Glyphosate: 104 week dietary carcinogenicity study in mice. Inveresk Research International, Tranent, EH33 2NE, Scotland. IRI Project No. 438618. April 7, 1993. MRID 49631702. Unpublished.
Band, P.R., Abanto, Z., Bert, J., Lang, B., Fang, R., Gallagher, R.P., and Le, N.D. (2011). Prostate cancer risk and exposure to pesticides in British Columbia farmers. The Prostate 71, 168-183.
Baris, D, Garrity, TJ, Telles, JL, Heineman, EF, Olshan, A, Hoar Zahm, S. 2001. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 39: 463-476.
Benbrook. (2016). Trends in glyphosate herbicide use in the United States and globally. Environmental Sciences Europe. 28(3).
Bolognesi, C., Bonatti, S., Degan, P., Gallerani, E., Peluso, M., Rabboni, R., Roggieri, P., and Abbondandolo, A. (1997). Genotoxic activity of glyphosate and its technical formulation roundup. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45, 1957-1962.
Brammer. (2001). Glyphosate Acid: Two Year Dietary Toxicity and Oncogenicity Study in Wistar Rats. Central Toxicology Laboratory, Alderley Park Macclesfield, Cheshire, UK: Syngenta. MRID 49704601. Unpublished.
Brown, L.M., Blair, A., Gibson, R., Everett, G.D., Cantor, K.P., Schuman, L.M., Burmeister, L.F., Vanlier, S.F., and Dick, F. (1990). Pesticide Exposures and Other Agricultural Risk Factors for Leukemia among Men in Iowa and Minnesota. Cancer Research 50, 6585-6591.
Brown, L.M., Burmeister, L.F., Everett, G.D., and Blair, A. (1993). Pesticide Exposures and Multiple Myeloma in Iowa Men. Cancer Causes Control 4, 153-156.
Page 145 of 227
Brayton et al., 2012. Pathology of aging mice and GEM background strains and experimental design. Vet Path. 49 (1): 85-105.
Burnett, P., Borders, J.; Kush, J. (1979) Report to Monsanto Company: Two Year Chronic Oral Toxicity Study with CP- 76100 in Albino Rats: IBT No. 8560-08924. (Unpublished study received Jun 24, 1982 under 524-308; prepared by Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., submitted by Monsanto Co., Washington, DC; CDL:247746-A; 247745; 247747; 247748; 247749; 247750; 247751; 247752)
Collander R.D. (1996). Glyphosate Acid: An Evaluation of Mutagenic Potential Using S. typhimurium and E. coli. Central Toxicology Laboratory, Cheshire, UK. Laboratory Project ID: CTL/P/4874 Study No. YV3611. February 16, 1996. MRID 44320617. Unpublished.
Cantor, K.P., Blair, A., Brown, L.M., Burmeister, L.F., and Everett, G. (1993). Pesticides and Other Agricultural Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma among Men in Iowa and Minnesota. Cancer Research 53, 2421-2421.
Carreón, T., Butler, M.A., Ruder, A.M., Waters, M.A., Davis-King, K.E., Calvert, G.M., Schulte, P.A., Connally, B., Ward, E.M., Sanderson, W.T., et al. (2005). Gliomas and Farm Pesticide Exposure in Women: The Upper Midwest Health Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 113, 546-551.
Cimino, M.C. (2006). Comparative overview of current international strategies and guidelines for genetic toxicology testing for regulatory purposes. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 47 (9): 362-390.
Chang, E.T., and Delzell, E. (2016). Systematic review and meta-analysis of glyphosate exposure and risk of lymphohematopoietic cancers. Journal of environmental science and health Part B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes 51, 402-434.
Chhabra et al. (1990). An over view of prechronic and chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity experimental study designs and criteria used by the National Toxicology Program. Environ Health Perspect. 86: 313-321.
Chruscielska et al. (2000). Glyphosate: evaluation of chronic activity and possible far-reaching effects. Part 1. Studies on chronic toxicity. Pestycydy (Warsaw). 3-4: 11-20.
Collins, A.R., Oscoz, A.A., Brunborg, G., Gaivão, I., Giovannelli, L., Kruszewski, M., C.C., Stetina, R. (2008). The Comet assay: topical issues. Mutagenesis 23 (3): 143-151.
Cocco, P., Satta, G., Dubois, S., Pili, C., Pilleri, M., Zucca, M., t Mannetje, A.M., Becker, N., Benavente, Y., de Sanjose, S., et al. (2013). Lymphoma risk and occupational exposure to pesticides: results of the Epilymph study. Occupational and environmental medicine 70, 91-98.
Cooke et al., (2003). Oxidative DNA damage: mechanisms, mutation, and disease. FASEB J. 17 (10): 1195-214.
Page 146 of 227
Chruscielska, K. et al. 2000. Glyphosate Evaluation of chronic activity and possible far-reaching effects. Part 2. Studies on mutagenic activity. Pestycydy, 2000, (3-4), 21-25. Published.
Dennis, L.K., Lynch, C.F., Sandler, D.P., and Alavanja, M.C. (2010). Pesticide use and cutaneous melanoma in pesticide applicators in the agricultural heath study. Environ Health Perspect 118, 812-817.
De Roos, A.J., Zahm, S.H., Cantor, K.P., Weisenburger, D.D., Holmes, F.F., Burmeister, L.F., and Blair, A. (2003). Integrative assessment of multiple pesticides as risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among men. Occupational and environmental medicine 60. 1-9.
De Roos, A. J., et al. (2005). "Cancer incidence among glyphosate-exposed pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study." Environ Health Perspect 113(1): 49-54.
Durward, R. (2006). Technical Glyphosate: Micronucleus Test in the Mouse. Safepharm Laboratories Limited, Shardlow Business Park, Shardlow, Derbyshire DE72 2GD, UK, Study No. 2060/014. February 8, 2006. MRID 49957411. Unpublished.
Engel, L.S., Hill, D.A., Hoppin, J.A., Lubin, J.H., Lynch, C.F., Pierce, J., Samanic, C., Sandler, D.P., Blair, A., and Alavanja, M.C. (2005). Pesticide use and breast cancer risk among farmers' wives in the agricultural health study. Am J Epidemiol 161, 121-135.
Enemoto, K. (1997), HR-001: 24-Month Oral Chronic Toxicity and Oncogenicity Study in Rats, Vol. 1. The Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo, Japan, Arysta Life Sciences, Study No.:IET 94-0150. MRID 50017104, 50017105, 5001703. Unpublished.
Eriksson, M., Hardell, L., Carlberg, M., and Akerman, M. (2008). Pesticide exposure as risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma including histopathological subgroup analysis. International journal of cancer 123, 1657-1663.
Excel (1997). Combined chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of glyphosate technical in Sprague Dawley rats. Pune, India: Indian Institute of Toxicology.
Fisher, RA. (1950) Statistical methods for research workers. Edinburgh, Scotland: Oliver and Boyd.
Flower, K.B., Hoppin, J.A., Lynch, C.F., Blair, A., Knott, C., Shore, D.L., and Sandler, D.P. (2004). Cancer Risk and Parental Pesticide Application in Children of Agricultural Health Study Participants. Environmental Health Perspectives 112, 631-635.
Flowers, L.J., and Kier, L.D., Hannah, L.H. (1978) Final Report on Salmonella Mutagenicity Assay of Glyphosate: Test No. LF-78-161. MRID 00078620. Unpublished.
Fontana et al (1998). Incidence rates of lymphomas and environmental measurements of phenoxy herbicides: ecological analysis and case-control study. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal. 53: 384-387.
Page 147 of 227
Fox, V. (1998). Glyphosate acid: In vitro cytogenetic assay in human lymphocytes. Central Toxicology Laboratory, Cheshire, UK. Report CTL/P/6050. October 29, 1998. MRID 49961803. Unpublished
Fox and Mackay (1996). Glyphosate acid: Mouse bone marrow micronucleus test. Central Toxicology Laboratory, Cheshire, UK. March 21, 1996. MRID 44320619. Unpublished.
Green and Owen, (2011). Herbicide-resistant crops: utilities and limitations for herbicide-resisitant week management. J. Agric Food Chem. 59 (11): 5819-29.
Greim, H., et al. (2015). "Evaluation of carcinogenic potential of the herbicide glyphosate, drawing on tumor incidence data from fourteen chronic/carcinogenicity rodent studies." Crit Rev Toxicol 45(3): 185-208.
George, J., et al. (2010). "Studies on glyphosate-induced carcinogenicity in mouse skin: a proteomic approach." J Proteomics 73(5): 951-964.
Ghisi, N.d.C., de Oliveira, E.C., and Prioli, A.J. (2016). Does exposure to glyphosate lead to an increase in the micronuclei frequency? A systematic and meta-analytic review. Chemosphere 145, 42-54.
Giknis, M. L. A., and Clifford, C. B. (2005). Spontaneous Neoplastic Lesions in the Crl:CD1 (ICR) Mouse in Control Groups from 18 Month to 2 Year Studies. Charles River. http://www.criver.com/files/pdfs/rms/cd1/rm_rm_r_lesions_crlcd_1_icr_mouse.aspx
Hardell, L., Eriksson, M., and Nordstrom, M. (2002). Exposure to pesticides as risk factor for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and hairy cell leukemia: Pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studies. Leukemia & Lymphoma 43, 1043-1049.
Hardell, L., and Eriksson, M. (1999). A case-control study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and exposure to pesticides. Cancer 85, 1353-1360.
Haseman, JK. (1995) Data analysis: Statistical analysis and use of historical control data. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 21:52–59.
Hill AB (1965). The Environment and Disease: Association or Causation? Proc R Soc Med. May 1965; 58(5): 295–300.
Hoar et al. (1986). Agricultural herbicide use and risk of lymphoma and soft-tissue sarcoma. JAMA. 256:1141-1147.
Hohenadel, K., Harris, S.A., McLaughlin, J.R., Spinelli, J.J., Pahwa, P., Dosman, J.A., Demers, P.A., and Blair, A. (2011). Exposure to multiple pesticides and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in men from six Canadian provinces. International journal of environmental research and public health 8, 2320-2330.
Hornarvar, N. (2008). Technical Glyphosate: Micronucleus Test of the Mouse. RCC, Cytotest
Page 148 of 227
Cell Research GmbH (RCC-CCR0, In den Leppsteinswiesen 19, 64380 Rossdorf, Germany, Study No. 1158500. June 9, 2008. MRID 49961802. Unpublished.
Hsu and Stedeford (2010). Cancer Risk Assessment: Chemical Carcinogenesis, Hazard Evaluation, and Risk Quantification. John Wiley & Sons.
Jensen, J.C., 1991a. Mutagenicity test: Ames Salmonella Assay with Glyphosate, Batch 206-JaK-25-1. Scantox A/S, Lemvig, Denmark. Laboratory No. 12323. October 9, 1991. MRID 49961502. Unpublished.
Jensen, J.C. (1991b). Mutagenicity test: In vitro mammalian cell gene mutation test with glyphosate, batch 206-JaK-25-1. Scantox A/S, Lemvig, Denmark. Laboratory No. 12325. October 9, 1991. MRID 49961504. Unpublished.
Jensen, JC (1991c). Mutagenicity test: Micronucleus test with Glyphosate, batch 206-JAK-25-1. Scantox A/S, Lemvig, Denmark. Report number 12324. December 9, 1991. MRID 49961503.
Kachuri, L., Demers, P.A., Blair, A., Spinelli, J.J., Pahwa, M., McLaughlin, J.R., Pahwa, P., Dosman, J.A., and Harris, S.A. (2013). Multiple pesticide exposures and the risk of multiple myeloma in Canadian men. International journal of cancer 133, 1846-1858.
Karipidis et al. 2007. Occupational exposure to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 80: 663-670.
Karunanayake, CP, McDuffie, HH, Dosman, JA, Spinelli, JJ, Pahwa, P. 2008. Occupational exposures and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: Canadian case-control study. Environmental Health. 7:44.
Karunanayake, C.P., Spinelli, J.J., McLaughlin, J.R., Dosman, J.A., Pahwa, P., and McDuffie, H.H. (2012). Hodgkin lymphoma and pesticides exposure in men: a Canadian case-control study. Journal of agromedicine 17, 30-39.
Kaufman, D.W., Anderson, T.E., and Issaragrisil, S. (2009). Risk factors for leukemia in Thailand. Annals of hematology 88, 1079-1088.
Kato et al. (2005). Personal and occupational exposure to organic solvents and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in women (United States). Cancer Causes & Control. 16:1215-1224.
Kier, L. D. (2015). "Review of genotoxicity biomonitoring studies of glyphosate-based formulations." Crit Rev Toxicol 45(3): 209-218.
Kier and Kirkland (2013). Review of genotoxicity studies of glyphosate and glyphosate-based formulations. Critical Reviews in Toxicology. 43: 283-315.
Knezevich, A.L and Hogan, G. K. (1983). A chronic feeding study of glyphosate in mice. Unpublished report prepared by Bio/Dynamic Inc., dated July 21, 1983. Report No. 77-2011.
Page 149 of 227
EPA Accession No. 251007 – 251009, and 251014. EPA Accession no. 251007-09, 251014. Unpublished.
Koller, V.J., Furhacker, M., Nersesyan, A., Misik, M., Eisenbauer, M., and Knasmueller, S. (2012). Cytotoxic and DNA-damaging properties of glyphosate and Roundup in human-derived buccal epithelial cells. Archives of toxicology 86, 805-813.
Koureas, M., Tsezou, A., Tsakalof, A., Orfanidou, T., and Hadjichristodoulou, C. (2014). Increased levels of oxidative DNA damage in pesticide sprayers in Thessaly Region (Greece). Implications of pesticide exposure. The Science of the total environment 496, 358-364.
Koutros, S., Beane Freeman, L.E., Lubin, J.H., Heltshe, S.L., Andreotti, G., Barry, K.H., DellaValle, C.T., Hoppin, J.A., Sandler, D.P., Lynch, C.F., et al. (2013). Risk of total and aggressive prostate cancer and pesticide use in the Agricultural Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 177, 59-74.
Kumar, D.P.S. (2001), Carcinogenicity Study with Glyphosate Technical in Swiss Albino Mice, Toxicology Department Rallis Research Centre, Rallis India Limited. Study No. TOXI: 1559.CARCI-M. MRID 49987403. Unpublished.
Landgren, O., Kyle, R.A., Hoppin, J.A., Beane Freeman, L.E., Cerhan, J.R., Katzmann, J.A., Rajkumar, S.V., and Alavanja, M.C. (2009). Pesticide exposure and risk of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance in the Agricultural Health Study. Blood 113, 6386-6391.
J. Langsdale et al. (2009). Glyphosate. Human Health Assessment Scoping Document in Support of Registration Review. June 3, 2009. D362745.
Lankas, G, P. (1981) A Lifetime Study of Glyphosate in Rats. Report No. 77-2062 prepared by Bio Dynamics, Inc. EPA Accession. No. 247617 – 247621. December 23, 1981. MRID 00093879. Unpublished.
Lee, W.J., Cantor, K.P., Berzofsky, J.A., Zahm, S.H., and Blair, A. (2004a). Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among asthmatics exposed to pesticides. International journal of cancer 111, 298-302.
Lee, W.J., Lijinsky, W., Heineman, E.F., Markin, R.S., Weisenburger, D.D., and Ward, M.H. (2004b). Agricultural pesticide use and adenocarcinomas of the stomach and oesophagus. Occupational and environmental medicine 61, 743-749.
Lee, W.J., Colt, J.S., Heineman, E.F., McComb, R., Weisenburger, D.D., Lijinsky, W., and Ward, M.H. (2005). Agricultural pesticide use and risk of glioma in Nebraska, United States. Occupational and environmental medicine 62, 786-792.
Lee, W.J., Sandler, D.P., Blair, A., Samanic, C., Cross, A.J., and Alavanja, M.C. (2007). Pesticide use and colorectal cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study. International journal of cancer 121, 339-346.
Page 150 of 227
Li, A.P. (1983a). CHO/HGPRT gene mutation assay with glyphosate. Environmental Heath Lab, St. Louis, MO. Study Number T830044. October 20, 1983. MRID 00132681. Unpublished.
Li, A.P. (1983b). In vivo bone marrow cytogenetic study of glyphosate in Sprague Dawley rats. Environmental Health Laboratory, St. Louis, MO. October 20, 1983. MRID 00132683. Unpublished.
Li, A. P. and T. J. Long (1988). An evaluation of the genotoxic potential of glyphosate. Fundam Appl Toxicol 10(3): 537-546.
Lioi M.B., et al. (1998a). Genotoxicity and oxidative stress induced by pesticide exposure in bovine lymphocyte cultures in vitro. Mutation Research- Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 403 (1-2), 13-20.
Lioi M.B., et al. (1998b). Cytogenetic Damage and Induction of Pro-Oxidant State in Human Lymphocytes Exposed In Vitro to Gliphosate, Vinclozolin, Atrazine, and DPX-E9636. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 32: 39-46.
Lioi, M.B., Scarfi, M.R., Santoro, A., Barbieri, R., Zeni, O., Salvemini, F., Di Berardino, D., and Ursini, M.V. (1998a). Cytogenetic damage and induction of pro-oxidant state in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to gliphosate, vinclozolin, atrazine, and DPX-EP636. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 32, 39-46.
Lioi, M.B., Scarfi, M.R., Santoro, A., Barbieri, R., Zeni, O., Di Berardino, D., and Ursini, M.V. (1998b). Genotoxicity and oxidative stress induced by pesticide exposure in bovine lymphocyte cultures in vitro. Mutation Research-Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 403, 13-20.
Lowit et al. (2015). Literature Review on Neurodevelopmental Effects & FQPA Safety Factor Determination for the Organophosphate Pesticides. September 15, 2015. D331251.
Maizlish, N, Beaumont, J, Singleton, J. 1998. Mortality among California highway workers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 13: 363-379.
Majeska, J.; Zameck, R.; Matheson, D. (1982a) SC-0224 (Lot No. 7269- 10): Mutagenicity Evaluation in Salmonella typhimurium: Report No. T-10847. MRID 00126612. Unpublished.
Majeska, J. (1982b) Morphological transformation of Balb/3T3 cells. Report No. T-10884. MRID 00126616. Unpublished.
Majeska, J. (1982c) Mutagenicity evaluation of bone marrow cytogenetic analysis in rats. Report No. T10884. MRID 00132176. Unpublished.
Majeska, J. (1985a) Mutagenicity Evaluation in Salmonella typhimurium: SC-0224: Report No. T-12660. MRID 00155527. Unpublished.
Page 151 of 227
Majeska, J. (1985b) Mutagenicity Evaluation in Mouse Lymphoma Multiple Endpoint Test Forward Mutation Assay: SC-0224: Report No. T-12661. MRID 00155528. Unpublished.
Majeska, J. (1985c) Mutagenicity Evaluation in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cytogenetic Assay: SC-0224: Report No. T-12663. MRID 00155530. Unpublished.
Majeska, J (1987). Mutagenic evaluation in bone marrow micronucleus. Environmental Health Center, Farmington, CT. Study Report No. T12689/SC-0024. April 23, 1987. MRID 40214004. Unpublished.
Mañas, F., Peralta, L., Raviolo, J., Ovando, H.G., Weyers, A., Ugnia, L., Cid, M.G., Larripa, I., and Gorla, N. (2009). Genotoxicity of glyphosate assessed by the comet assay and cytogenetic tests. Environmental toxicology and pharmacology 28, 37-41.
Mañas, F., Peralta, L., Ugnia, L., Weyers, A., García Ovando, H., and Gorla, N. (2013). Oxidative stress and comet assay in tissues of mice administered glyphosate and ampa in drinking water for 14 days. BAG Journal of basic and applied genetics 24, 67-75.
Marques, M.F.C. (1999). A Micronucleus Study in Mice for Glifosate Tecnico Nufarm. Bioagri Laboratarios Ltda. Study No: RF-G12.79/99. December 27, 1999. MRID 49957412. Unpublished.
Matsumoto (1995). HR-001: In vitro cytogenetics test. The Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Tokyo, Japan. Laboratory Project ID: IET 94-0143. May 29, 1995. MRID 50017106. Unpublished.
McConnell, EE; Solleveld, HA; Swenberg, JA; et al. (1986) Guidelines for combining neoplasms for evaluation of rodent carcinogenesis studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 76:283–289.
McDuffie, H.H., Pahwa, P., McLaughlin, J.R., Spinelli, J.J., Fincham, S., Dosman, J.A., Robson, D., Skinnider, L.F., and Choi, N.W. (2001). Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and specific pesticide exposures in men: Cross-Canada study of pesticides and health. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10, 1155-1163.
McDuffie, HH, Pahwa, P, McLaughlin, JR, Fincham, S, Robson, D, Dosman, JA, Hu, J. 2002. Canadian male farm residents, pesticide safety handling practices, exposure to animals and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 42: 54-61.
Meek ME, Boobis A, Cote I, Dellarco V, Fotakis G, Munn S, Seed J, Vickers C. 2014. New developments in the evolution and application of the WHO/IPCS framework on mode of action/species concordance analysis. J Appl Toxicol. 2014 Jan;34(1):1-18.
Mink, P. J., et al. (2012). "Epidemiologic studies of glyphosate and cancer: a review." Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 63(3): 440-452.
Mladinic, M., Berend, S., Vrdoljak, A.L., Kopjar, N., Radic, B., and Zeljezic, D. (2009a). Evaluation of genome damage and its relation to oxidative stress induced by glyphosate in human lymphocytes in vitro. Environmental and molecular mutagenesis 50, 800-807.
Page 152 of 227
Mladinic, M., Perkovic, P., and Zeljezic, D. (2009b). Characterization of chromatin instabilities induced by glyphosate, terbuthylazine and carbofuran using cytome FISH assay. Toxicology letters 189, 130-137.
Moriya, M. et al. 1983. Further mutagenicity studies on pesticides in bacterial reverse assay systems. Mutation Research, 116 (1983), 185-216.
Morton et al. (2014). Etiologic heterogeneity among non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes: the interlymp non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes project. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 48: 130-144.
Nordstrom, M., Hardell, L., Magnuson, A., Hagberg, H., and Rask-Andersen, A. (1998). Occupational exposures, animal exposure and smoking as risk factors for hairy cell leukaemia evaluated in a case-control study. Br J Cancer 77, 2048-2052.
NTP (1992). NTP technical report on the toxicity studies of Glyphosate (CAS No. 1071-83-6) Administered In Dosed Feed To F344/N Rats And B6C3F1 Mice. Toxic Rep Ser 16: 1-d3.
OECD (2015). Guidance Document on Revisions to OECD Genetic Toxicology Test Guidelines. August 31, 2015.
Olsson and Brandt (1988). Risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among men occupationally exposed to organic solvents. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment, & Health. 14:246-251.
Orsi, L., Delabre, L., Monnereau, A., Delval, P., Berthou, C., Fenaux, P., Marit, G., Soubeyran, P., Huguet, F., Milpied, N., et al. (2009). Occupational exposure to pesticides and lymphoid neoplasms among men: results of a French case-control study. Occupational and environmental medicine 66, 291-298.
Pahwa, P., Karunanayake, C.P., Dosman, J.A., Spinelli, J.J., McLaughlin, J.R., and Cross-Canada, G. (2011). Soft-tissue sarcoma and pesticides exposure in men: results of a Canadian case-control study. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 53, 1279-1286.
Pahwa, P., Karunanayake, C.P., Dosman, J.A., Spinelli, J.J., McDuffie, H.H., and McLaughlin, J.R. (2012). Multiple myeloma and exposure to pesticides: a Canadian case-control study. Journal of agromedicine 17, 40-50.
Parajuli, K. R., et al. (2015). "Aminomethylphosphonic acid and methoxyacetic acid induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells." Int J Mol Sci 16(5): 11750-11765.
Parajuli, K. R., et al. (2016). "Aminomethylphosphonic acid inhibits growth and metastasis of human prostate cancer in an orthotopic xenograft mouse model." Oncotarget 7(9): 10616-10626.
Pavkov, K.Ll, Turnier, J.C. (1987) Two-Year Chronic Toxicity and Oncogenecity Dietary Study with SC-0224 in Mice. Stauffer Chemical Company. MRID 40214006. Unpublished.
Page 153 of 227
Pavkov, K.Ll, Wyand, S. (1987) Two-Year Chronic Toxicity and Oncogenecity Dietary Study with SC-0224 in Rats. Stauffer Chemical Company. MRID 40214006. Unpublished.
Peluso M. et al. (1998). 32P-Postlabeling detection of DNA adducts in mice treated with herbicide Roundup. Environ and Mol Mutagen 31:55-59.
Piesova, E. (2004). The influence of different treatment length on the induction of micronuclei in bovine lymphocytes after exposure to glyphosate. Folia Veterinaria 48, 130-134.
Piesova, E. (2005). The effect of glyphosate on the frequency of micronuclei in bovine lymphocytes in vitro. Acta Veterinaria-Beograd 55, 101-109.
Portier, C.J., Armstrong, B.K., Baguley, B.C., Baur, X., Belyaev, I., Belle, R., Belpoggi, F., Biggeri, A., Bosland, M.C., Bruzzi, P., et al. (2016). Differences in the carcinogenic evaluation of glyphosate between the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Journal of epidemiology and community health.
Rank, J., et al. (1993). "Genotoxicity testing of the herbicide Roundup and its active ingredient glyphosate isopropylamine using the mouse bone marrow micronucleus test, Salmonella mutagenicity test, and Allium anaphase-telophase test." Mutat Res 300(1): 29-36.
Recore et al. (2014). Glyphosate: Tier II incident report. February 6, 2014. D417808.
Reyna, M.S. Gordon, D.E. (1973) 18-Month Carcinogenic Study with CP67573 in Swiss White Mice: IBT No. B569. (Unpublished study, including sponsor's validation report dated Feb 1, 1978, received Jun 21, 1978 under 524-308; prepared by Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., submitted by Monsanto Co., Washington, D.C.; CDL:234136-G). MRID 00061113. Unpublished.
Reyna, M.S. Richter, W.R. Gordon, D.E. (1974) Two- Year Chronic Oral Toxicity Study with CP67573 in Albino Rats: IBT No. B564. MRID 00062507. Unpublished.
Ribeiro do Val, R. (2007). Bacterial reverse mutation test (Ames test) for Glifosato Technico Helm. TECAM Tecnologia Ambiental Ltda., Sao Paulo, Brasil. Study Number 3393/2007-2.0AM, Report Number RL3393/2007-2.0 AM-B, December 13, 2007. MRID 50000903. Unpublished.
Rodney, DE (1980). Dominant lethal study in mice. International Research and Development Corp. May 23, 1980. MRID 0004634
Roustan, A., et al. (2014). "Genotoxicity of mixtures of glyphosate and atrazine and their environmental transformation products before and after photoactivation." Chemosphere 108: 93-100.
Page 154 of 227
Ruder, A.M., Waters, M.A., Butler, M.A., Carreon, T., Calvert, G.M., Davis-King, K.E., Schulte, P.A., Sanderson, W.T., Ward, E.M., Connally, L.B., et al. (2004). Gliomas and farm pesticide exposure in men: the upper midwest health study. Archives of environmental health 59, 650-657.
Schinasi, L., and Leon, M.E. (2014). Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and occupational exposure to agricultural pesticide chemical groups and active ingredients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health 11, 4449-4527.
Shirasu, Y.; Moriya, M.; Ohta, T. (1978) Microbial Mutagenicity Testing on CP67573 (Glyphosate). Apr 25, 1979 under 524-308; prepared by Institute of Environ- mental Toxicology, Japan, submitted by Monsanto Co., Washington, D.C.; CDL:238233-A. MRID 00078619. Unpublished.
Sivikova, K. and J. Dianovsky (2006). "Cytogenetic effect of technical glyphosate on cultivated bovine peripheral lymphocytes." Int J Hyg Environ Health 209(1): 15-20.
Smith et al., (2016). Key characteristics of carcinogens as a basis for organizing data on mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Environmental Health Perspectives. 124: 713.
Snedecor, GW; Cochran, WG. (1967) Statistical methods, 6th ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
Sokolowski, A. (2007a). Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli Reverse Mutation Assay with Glyphosate Technical (NUP-05068). RCC Cytotest Cell Research GmbH, Rossdorf, Germany. Study Number 1061401. March, 16, 2007. MRID 49957406. Unpublished.
Sokolowski, A. (2007b). Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli Reverse Mutation Assay with Glyphosate Technical (NUP-05070). RCC Cytotest Cell Research GmbH, Rossdorf, Germany. Study Number 1061402. March, 16, 2007. MRID 49957407. Unpublished.
Sokolowski, A. (2007c). Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli Reverse Mutation Assay with Glyphosate Technical (NUP-05067). RCC Cytotest Cell Research GmbH, Rossdorf, Germany. Study Number 1061403. March, 16, 2007. MRID 49957408. Unpublished.
Sokolowski, A. (2009b). Glyphosate technical- Salmonella Typhimurium and Escherichia Coli reverse mutation assay. Cytotest Cell Research GmbH (Harlan CCR), Rossdorf, German. Study and Report Number 1264500. December 18, 2009. MRID 49961801. Unpublished.
Sokolowski, A. (2010). Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli Reverse Mutation Assay with Glyphosate TC spiked with glyphosine. RCC Cytotest Cell Research GmbH, Rossdorf, Germany. Study Number 1332300. April 7, 2010. MRID 500000902. Unpublished.
Sorahan, T. (2015). "Multiple Myeloma and Glyphosate Use: A Re-Analysis of US Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Data." Int J Environ Res Public Health 12(2): 1548-1559.
Stout, L. D. and Ruecker, P.A. (1990). Chronic Study of Glyphosate Administered in Feed to Albino Rats. MRID No. 41643801; Historical Controls. MRID 41728700. Unpublished.
Page 155 of 227
Sugimoto, K. (1997), HR-001: 18-Month Oral Oncogenicity Study in Mice, Vol. 1 and 2. The Institute of Environmental Toxicology, 2-772, Suzuki-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo, 187, Japan, Study No.:IET 94-0151. MRID 50017108, 50017109. Unpublished.
Suresh, T.P. (1993b). Mutagenicity-Micronucleus Test In Swiss Albino Mice. Rallis India Limited. Study No: TOXI: 889-MUT.MN. May 6, 1993. MRID 49987407. Unpublished.
Suresh, T.P. (1994). Genetic Toxicology- In vivo mammalian bone marrow cytogenetic test- Chromosomal analysis. Rallis Agrochemical Research Station, Bangalore, India. January 1, 1994. MRID 49987408. Unpublished.
Suresh, T.P. (1996) Combined Chronic Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Study with Glyphosate Technical in Wistar Rats. Toxicology Department Rallis Research Centre, Rallis India Limited, TOXI-1559, 002/1-GPT-CARCI-M. MRID 49987401. Unpublished.
Taddesse-Heath, L.; Chattopadhyay, S.K.; Dillehay, D.; L.; Lander, M.R.; Nagashfar, Z.; Morse III, H.C.; Hartley, J.W. (2000): Lymphomas and high-level expression of murine leukemia viruses in CFW mice Journal of Virology 74:6832-6837
Tarone, RE. (1982). The use of historical control information in testing for a trend in proportions. Biometrics 38:215–220.
Thompson, P.W. (1996). Technical Glyphosate: Reverse Mutation Assay "Ames Test"Using Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. Safepharm Laboratories Limited, Derby, UK. Study Number 434/014. February 20, 1996. MRID 49957409. Unpublished.
Wang et al. (2009). Occupational exposure to solvents and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Connecticut women. American Journal of Epidemiology. 169:176-185.
Ward, J. M. (2006). Lymphomas and leukemias in mice. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, 57 (5-6): 377-381.
Weisenburger, D.D. (1992). Pathological Classsification of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma for Epidemiological Studies. Cancer Research 52, 5456S-5462S.
Wilderman, A.G. and Nazar, R.N. (1982). Significance of plant metabolism in the mutagenicity and toxicity of pesticides. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 24(4): 437-449.
Williams, G. M., et al. (2000). "Safety Evaluation and Risk Assessment of the Herbicide Roundup and Its Active Ingredient, Glyphosate, for Humans." Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 31(2): 117-165.
Wood, E., Dunster, J., Watson, P., and Brooks, P. (2009a) Glyphosate Technical: Dietary Combined Chronic Toxicity/Carcinogenicity Study in the Rat. Harlan Laboratories Limited,
Page 156 of 227
Shardlow Business Park, Shardlow, Derbyshire DE72 2GD, UK. Study No. 2060-012. April, 23, 2009. MRID 49957404. Unpublished.
Wood, E., Dunster, J., Watson, P., and Brooks, P. (2009b) Glyphosate Technical: Dietary Carcinogenicity Study in the Mouse. Harlan Laboratories Limited, Shardlow Business Park, Shardlow, Derbyshire DE72 2GD, UK. Study No. 2060-011. April, 22, 2009. MRID 49957402. Unpublished.
Wright, N.P. (1996). Technical Glyphosate: Chromosomal aberration test in CHL cells in vitro. Safepharm Laboratories Limited, Derby, UK. Study Number 434/015. March 13, 1996, MRID 49957410. Unpublished.
Yauk et al., (2015). Approaches to identifying germ cell mutagens: Report of the 2013 IWGT workshop on germ cell assays. Mutat Res Genet Toxicol Environ Mutagen, 783: 36-54.
Yiin, J.H., Ruder, A.M., Stewart, P.A., Waters, M.A., Carreon, T., Butler, M.A., Calvert, G.M., Davis-King, K.E., Schulte, P.A., Mandel, J.S., et al. (2012). The upper midwest health study: a case-control study of pesticide applicators and risk of glioma. Environ Health 11, 13.
Zaccaria, C.B. (1996). A micronucleus study in mice for the product Glyphosate. BioAgri. Study No: G.1.2 – 06/96. November 18, 1996. MRID 49961501. Unpublished.
Zahm et al (1990). A case-control study of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in Eastern Nebraska. Epidemiology. 1:349-356.
Zhang et al. (2007). Ultraviolet radiation exposure and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. American Journal of Epidemiology. 165: 1255-1264.
Zoriki-Hosmi, (2007). Hosomi, R. (2007) Mammalian Erythrocyte Micronucleus Test for Glifosato Tecnico Helm. Project Number: RL/3393/2007/3/0MN/B. MRID 50000901. Unpublished.
02-12-2016 16:47
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Ny forskning viser,at hvis atmosfærens CO2 indhold fordobles,vil fotosyntesen stige med 13%.
Forskere fra DLR og University of Exeter.
Redigeret d. 02-12-2016 16:50
02-12-2016 18:10
crankProfilbillede★★★★☆
(1289)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Ny forskning viser,at hvis atmosfærens CO2 indhold fordobles,vil fotosyntesen stige med 13%.
Forskere fra DLR og University of Exeter.



Kjeld >
Endnu nyere forskning viser, at havet vil kvæles i CO² længe inden da.



.
RE: Spalte 11-Dec-201612-12-2016 09:56
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En fortsættelse af dette indlæg om fjordgletsjeren, kaldet "Spalte", i Nordøstgrønland. Oprindelige blog-indlæg fra Jason E. Box.

"Spalte" har stadig ikke rykket sig ud af stedet.

Vedhæftet er seneste Sentinel-1 C-band radar billede dateret 11-Dec-2016 af området. "Spalte" gletsjeren er ved den røde pil.
Tilknyttet billede:

12-12-2016 13:08
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
Ved Danmarkshavn mere end 330 km syd for "Spalte" gletsjeren er der pt. -27 C.

På sin blog spekulerer Jason E. Box i, om "Spalte" har revet sig løs (hvilket den ikke har) grundet de høje temperaturer.

Jason E. Box er med i Leonardo DiCaprios seneste religiøse propaganda-film, "Before the Flood".

Er Jason E. Box et eksempel på en forsker, der bruger offentlige midler, der er beregnet til forskning, til at føre personlig politisk/religiøst propaganda?
Tilknyttet billede:


Redigeret d. 12-12-2016 13:13
14-12-2016 18:07
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Temperaturerne stiger hastigt i Arktis, ismasserne reduceres, mens Trump arbejder på at reducere, stække klimaforskningen, fordi han og olieindustrien ikke ønsker økonomisk tab som følge af nye krav, ændret adfærd.
Det er en sørgelig farce, vi her er/bliver vidner til...

Men læg mærke til Arktis, det er der den globale opvarmning slår tydeligere og tydeligere igennem, havtemperaturen er steget 5 grader i nogle områder ift 1981-2010, lufttemperaturen er steget med 3,5 grader siden 1900, havisen i Arktis er nu 28% mindre end i 1981-2010...
http://www.noaa.gov/media-release/unprecedented-arctic-warmth-in-2016-triggers-massive-decline-in-sea-ice-snow
14-12-2016 19:04
kulden-varmenProfilbillede★★★★★
(2210)
Mikael Obelitz skrev:
Temperaturerne stiger hastigt i Arktis, ismasserne reduceres, mens Trump arbejder på at reducere, stække klimaforskningen, fordi han og olieindustrien ikke ønsker økonomisk tab som følge af nye krav, ændret adfærd.
Det er en sørgelig farce, vi her er/bliver vidner til...

Men læg mærke til Arktis, det er der den globale opvarmning slår tydeligere og tydeligere igennem, havtemperaturen er steget 5 grader i nogle områder ift 1981-2010, lufttemperaturen er steget med 3,5 grader siden 1900, havisen i Arktis er nu 28% mindre end i 1981-2010...
http://www.noaa.gov/media-release/unprecedented-arctic-warmth-in-2016-triggers-massive-decline-in-sea-ice-snow


Havisen i Arktis har sit eget liv, som er forholdsvis uafhængigt af jordens klima. Og havisen havde sin mindste udstrækning i 1930erne og 1940erne.
14-12-2016 21:08
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Det fremgår tydeligt af de globale temperaturer fortsætter opad, mens afsmeltningen øges år for år over hele kloden.
Men det er da sandt, at det kan tilføjes, at klimaet har ændret sig rigtigt meget igennem de sidste 5 milliarder år og at de sidste 11000 år har været ganske stabile indtil temperaturstigningerne satte ind samtidigt med, at udledningerne af drivhusgasser øgedes ganske alvorligt.
Forskningen har længe peget på største påvirkning i Arktis.

Arktis havis lever sit eget liv? Sæt dig ind i emnet!

http://www.livescience.com/53111-arctic-warming-fast-in-2015.html
Redigeret d. 14-12-2016 21:10
14-12-2016 21:59
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Der er gletchere over hele kloden, der responderer på global opvarmning.
Det ses ved denne undersøgelse, der påviser global opvarmning/klimaændringer ved at undersøge en række gletchere i bjergene.
Responstiderne for gletcher reaktion på global opvarmning er kortere for mindre gletchere. For Grønland og Antarktis er responstiden måske århundreder eller årtusinder, hvilket er dybt tankevækkende, taget i betragtning, hvad vi kan se lige nu (det er tænkeligt ustoppeligt med havvandstigninger i århundreder eller årtusinder).

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/12/12/shrinking-mountain-glaciers-are-categorical-evidence-of-climate-change-scientists-say/?utm_term=.10340a0dc192
14-12-2016 22:21
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Jeg henviste tidligere i en tråd til en undersøgelse,der viser,at gletcherne i Himalaya regionen er meget forskellige i udviklingen,nogle er aftagende,andre har været konstante i mange år,andre igen er tiltagende.
15-12-2016 06:14
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Jeg henviste tidligere i en tråd til en undersøgelse,der viser,at gletcherne i Himalaya regionen er meget forskellige i udviklingen,nogle er aftagende,andre har været konstante i mange år,andre igen er tiltagende.

Jamen, Kjeld Jul, hvor er din henvisning? Den er der uhyre sjældent?

Hvad er det i dig, der gør, at du lukker af for et stort antal undersøgelser, der viser bekymrende isreaktioner overalt på kloden, men hæfter dig udelukkende ved de få institutter, der har et dårligt omdømme af den ene eller den anden grund?
15-12-2016 09:08
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Jamen Mikael,det var da d.8.10.16. I denne tråd,forskerteam Tobias Bolch.
Har du ikke læst det.?
15-12-2016 18:36
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Gletsjere i Asien.
Nye studier.
Karakorum gletsjeren er vokset siden slutningen af 1980erne.
Et forskerteam med Tobias Bolch har forsøgt at fastlægge gletsjerhistorien i regionen.De undersøgte gletsjerne i Hunza området.Det viser sig,at gletsjerne er vokset siden 1970erne.
I Himalaya,Astore området,er 28 gletsjere i tidsrummet 1973-2013 blevet en smule større,45 lidt mindre og 25 er blevet stabile,
Se The Cryosphere Discussions . 9.9.16.


Kjeld Jul, jeg har læst lidt om Karakorum gletcher, der er videnskabeligt interessant, fordi den opfører sig anderledes end flertallet af gletchere. Dvs den ikke ser ud til at trække sig tilbage, men forbliver uændret eller vokser lidt.
Det er ved at blive undersøgt hvorfor dette sker, måske mere nedbør i området.

Hvis du gider viderebringe dine links til dine oplysninger, så gider jeg også læse det :-)
https://www.thethirdpole.net/2016/03/01/spy-imagery-sheds-light-on-karakoram-glacier-anomaly/
15-12-2016 19:24
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Mikael -
Det var du sandelig længe om at læse og kommentere - men bedre sent end aldrig - træk lige vejret dybt næste gang,inden du forløber dig.
15-12-2016 19:51
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Mikael -
Det var du sandelig længe om at læse og kommentere - men bedre sent end aldrig - træk lige vejret dybt næste gang,inden du forløber dig.


jamen dog, det er jo ikke mig, der løber med udokumenterede "nyheder", Kjeld.
Det er jo mærkeligt, at en ingeniør i atomkraftindustrien bruger så lidt tid på dokumentation, som du gør.
Jeg er sikker på dine kolleger bruger rigtigt meget tid på at dokumentere :-)

Hvorfor er dokumentation vigtigt?

Klimadebatten er fyldt med populister, der påstår det ene og det andet, men når det kommer til stykket, så er det bare uvidende stakler som mig selv, der ikke beskæftiger sig professionelt med klimavidenskab.
Det er præcist derfor, at det er videnskaben, man skal lytte til: ikke benægterne, ikke populisterne, ikke politikerne - heller ikke dem, der snakker om svingninger i folketinget (det kører rundt for dem) :-) eller at debatten er for elitær (fordi de selv er populister).

Men hvorom alting er: hvad var det interessante i, at der var en enkelt gletcher, der vokser, når de fleste andre reduceres (hvilket er helt naturligt, da der akkumuleres mere og mere varme år efter år)?
15-12-2016 20:38
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Mikael-
Du har alligevel ikke læst på "lektien" - Jeg var lige ved at rose dig for tidligt,men du er jo også blot et menneske,så jeg bærer over med dig - i Himalaya er der mange gletchere,der vokser,ikke blot en enkelt.
15-12-2016 20:42
crankProfilbillede★★★★☆
(1289)
.

Er her ikke tale om et enkeltstående tilfælde?




.
15-12-2016 21:03
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Crank-
I Himalaya er 28 gletchere vokset,25 er stabile.
Skal jeg fortsætte?

Redigeret d. 15-12-2016 21:05
15-12-2016 21:11
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Crank-
I Himalaya er 28 gletchere vokset,25 er stabile.
Skal jeg fortsætte?


Du er altid velkommen til at fremlægge din dokumentation. Indtil da, så er dine kommentarer helt uinteressante og kedelige påstande.
15-12-2016 21:12
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Det er faktisk ligeså "interessant", som hvis jeg skrev: Atomkraft er farligt<punktum>
15-12-2016 21:18
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Mikael-
Du bist und bleibst ein Spielverderber - det kan du ikke være bekendt,tænk dog på juleferien.
15-12-2016 21:20
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Tobias Bolch undersøgelse: Climate change impacts on glaciers and runoff in Tien Shan (Central Asia). Climate-driven changes in glacier-fed streamflow regimes have direct implications on freshwater supply, irrigation and hydropower potential. Reliable information about current and future glaciation and runoff is crucial for water allocation, a complex task in Central Asia, where the collapse of the Soviet Union has transformed previously interdependent republics into autonomous upstream and downstream countries. Although the impacts of climate change on glaciation and runoff have been addressed in previous work undertaken in the Tien Shan (known as the 'water tower of Central Asia'), a coherent, regional perspective of these findings has not been presented until now. Here we show that glacier shrinkage is most pronounced in peripheral, lower-elevation ranges near the densely populated forelands, where summers are dry and where snow and glacial meltwater is essential for water availability. Shifts of seasonal runoff maxima have already been observed in some rivers, and it is suggested that summer runoff will further decrease in these rivers if precipitation and discharge from thawing permafrost bodies do not compensate sufficiently for water shortfalls.


mere Tobias Bolch: Climate variability and change play a crucial role in the vulnerable system of the Aksu River basin located in Kyrgyzstan and northwest China, providing precious water resources for the intense oasis agriculture of the Xinjiang Province (China). Ubiquitous warming and increase in precipitation (in the lower part of the basin) have been detected. Glaciers in the region are retreating. Seasonal trends in river discharge show an increase. A clear link could be demonstrated between daily temperature and lagged river discharge at two headwater stations in summer. However, the correlation breaks over short periods in the end of summer or beginning of autumn at the Xiehela station, when the high (over 95th percentile) flow peaks caused by the glacier lake outburst floods of the Merzbacher Lake occur. This feature is a challenge for the climate impact assessment in the region, as these regular outbursts have to be represented in the projections for the future as well.


Er det fordi du vil påstå, at der ikke er klimaændringer, global opvarmning, Kjeld Jul?
15-12-2016 21:21
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Mikael-
Du bist und bleibst ein Spielverderber - det kan du ikke være bekendt,tænk dog på juleferien.


Jeg har ikke juleferie endnu - en god jul anyway :-)
17-12-2016 09:50
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
Mikael-
Du kunne nu godt trænge til en ferie,du virker noget overspændt og ude af kontrol,du er ivrig med at fremhæve din egen korrekthed i klima mæssig henseende,men beskylder andre debattører for at komme med udokumenterede oplysninger.
Jeg henviser i forbindelse med mine indlæg til links eller videnskabelige tidsskrifter,som du jo aldrig læser,nogle gange kigger du så efterfølgende på et link og indser,at det er en forsker der udtaler sig og ikke er noget,jeg har fundet på.
God jul.
17-12-2016 11:44
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Kjeld Jul skrev:
Mikael-
Du kunne nu godt trænge til en ferie,du virker noget overspændt og ude af kontrol,du er ivrig med at fremhæve din egen korrekthed i klima mæssig henseende,men beskylder andre debattører for at komme med udokumenterede oplysninger.
Jeg henviser i forbindelse med mine indlæg til links eller videnskabelige tidsskrifter,som du jo aldrig læser,nogle gange kigger du så efterfølgende på et link og indser,at det er en forsker der udtaler sig og ikke er noget,jeg har fundet på.
God jul.


Kjeld Jul, godt med lidt fordrukket snik-snak til juleanden.
Jeg har ingen korrekthed, men jeg lytter til alle forskere, ikke kun de 50, der tror, at det nok er ingenting.
Det er udelukkende din boldgade.
God jul til dig også :-)
17-12-2016 23:05
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
En ny undersøgelse viser, at øst Antarktis Totten Gletcher, er begyndt at smelte.
Det er varmt havvand, der strømmer ind under gletcheren, der er årsagen.
Totten Gletcher er verdens største gletcher, og isens masse er så enorm, at afsmeltning alene af denne gletcher kan hæve vandstanden i verdenshavene med 3,5 meter.
Det varme vand, der er under frysepunktet, men alligevel smelter isen pga det enorme tryk oppefra sænker smeltepunktet, er vurderet til 220.000 kubik meter vand pr sekund.
Gletcherens massetab er mellem 63 og 80 milliarder tons is pr år. Det er havis der forsvinder, så det bidrager ikke til vandstandsstigninger endnu. Men der fjernes årligt 10 m af isens tykkelse.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/12/16/warm-ocean-water-is-slamming-into-and-melting-the-biggest-glacier-in-east-antarctica/?utm_term=.9dac2f81f820
Redigeret d. 17-12-2016 23:07
18-12-2016 22:36
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
mystisk krater på øst Antarktis indikerer yderligere øget sårbarhed af ismasserne i øst Antarktis pga opvarmningen. Tidligere er den østlige del af Antarktis blevet anset som stabil, men dette udfordres nu af både afsmeltning nedefra af varmt havvand og oppefra af varme vinde.
Se videoerne i nedenstående, der giver indblik i hvad der overrasker forskerne.
http://phys.org/news/2016-12-mysterious-crater-antarctica-indication-vulnerable.html
Redigeret d. 18-12-2016 22:38
19-12-2016 19:57
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)


Larsen C shelf: en revne er igennem de senere år vokset og er nu over hundrede kilometer lang. På det viste billede er der 500 meter ned til oceanet nedenunder. Når denne isflage en dag river sig løs, vil dens areal være omkring 6.500 kvadrat kilometer.

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/rift-in-antarcticas-larsen-c-ice-shelf
19-12-2016 20:00
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEfZFkOLY0Q
21-12-2016 10:23
Kjeld Jul
★★★★★
(2515)
En god nyhed.
University of Texas,Australien Institute of Marine,Oregon state UNI.
Coral Are already adapting to global warming.,scientists say.
Redigeret d. 21-12-2016 10:25
21-12-2016 20:05
kulden-varmenProfilbillede★★★★★
(2210)
Mikael Obelitz skrev:
mystisk krater på øst Antarktis indikerer yderligere øget sårbarhed af ismasserne i øst Antarktis pga opvarmningen. Tidligere er den østlige del af Antarktis blevet anset som stabil, men dette udfordres nu af både afsmeltning nedefra af varmt havvand og oppefra af varme vinde.
Se videoerne i nedenstående, der giver indblik i hvad der overrasker forskerne.
http://phys.org/news/2016-12-mysterious-crater-antarctica-indication-vulnerable.html


Det er et meget alvorligt problem hvis verdenshavene siger plusligt 2,5m ligesom i tidlig middelalder. Men det kan ikke skyldes opvarmningen, fordi øst Antarktis er sådan et koldt sted at der ikke er smeltevand.
21-12-2016 22:07
Mikael Obelitz
★★★☆☆
(992)
Øst Antarktis mere sårbart end tidligere antaget
http://phys.org/news/2016-12-mysterious-crater-antarctica-indication-vulnerable.html

Øget fokus på højere vandstandsstigning end tidligere forudset
http://phys.org/news/2016-12-sea-require-collaborative-response-experts.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter
Der nævnes nu op mod 2 meters stigning i dette århundrede.
21-12-2016 22:16
christian-roskilde
★★★☆☆
(816)
Kulden og varmen:

Hvor har du fra at verdenshavende var 2,5 meter højere under Middelaldervarmen end i dag? har aldrig stødt på nogle undersøgelser der er kommet frem til det.

Mvh.
11-02-2017 16:22
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En alarmist viste billedet, som det så ud 23. februar 2016:



I dag er langt de fleste af de større vandreservoirer i Californien fyldt med vand langt over den historiske middelværdi for det enkelte reservoir.

http://cdec.water.ca.gov/cgi-progs/products/rescond.pdf

Dommedagsprofeterne tog fejl ... endnu engang.
Tilknyttet billede:

RE: Oroville Dam12-02-2017 00:21
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En fortsættelse af dette indlæg om alarmerende tørke i Caifornien.

Lake Oroville i Californien indeholder nu så meget vand, at det løber over via en overløbskant til nødsituationer.

Water began pouring over the emergency spillway at Oroville Dam early Saturday for the first time in its 48-year history.

I de seneste år har man fået tudet ørene fulde om, at der er permanent tørke i Californien, at det skyldes katastrofal menneskeskabt global opvarmning, og at det er vores skyld. DR har endda lavet propaganda-tv om denne historie, Ny DR serie.

Klimaalarmister må altså snart erkende, at de er blevet løjet for i årtier.
Tilknyttet billede:

13-02-2017 09:54
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
I december 1861 begyndte en 43-dages storm, som bevirkede at store dele af Californien stod under vand i et halvt år. Det skete efter to årtier med særlig meget tørke.

California Megaflood: Lessons from a Forgotten Catastrophe

I 1861 var koncentrationen af CO2 i atmosfæren under 300 ppm.

Indtil for nylig har den grønne klimabevægelse påstået, at der var permanent tørke i Californien, og at det skyldes klimaforandringer forårsaget af menneskelig udledning af CO2. Nu sker der det præcist modsatte af, hvad de grønne alarmister har påstået, som vi har set så mange eksempler på tidligere.

Jeg forudser, at den grønne klimabevægelse også vil påstå, at den megen nedbør i Californien i denne omgang skyldes klimaforandringer forårsaget af menneskelig udledning af CO2.
Tilknyttet billede:


Redigeret d. 13-02-2017 10:49
RE: Spalte 24-Maj-201725-05-2017 08:52
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En fortsættelse af dette indlæg om fjordgletsjeren, kaldet "Spalte", i Nordøstgrønland.

Billedet viser området i Nordøstgrønland, som det så ud igår d. 24-Maj-2017. "Spalte" befinder sig stadig på samme sted under sneen ved den røde pil. Den kan ses på radarbilleder, hvor dette billede er ved synlige bølgelængder af lyset.

Hele billedet dækket et område på ca. 630x380 km.

(Tryk på billedet for stor version.)
Tilknyttet billede:


Redigeret d. 25-05-2017 09:00
RE: Spalte 10-Jul-201710-07-2017 10:02
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En fortsættelse af ovenstående indlæg om fjordgletsjeren, kaldet "Spalte", i Nordøstgrønland.

Området i Nordøstgrønland er ved at dukke frem af al den sne og frost, der har dækket området i mange måneder, og "Spalte" har stadig ikke rykket sig ud af stedet.

Billedet fra 9-Jul-2017 viser "Spalte" nederst til venstre ved den røde pil. Klik på billedet for stor version.
Tilknyttet billede:

RE: Spalte 27-Jul-201727-07-2017 18:59
John Niclasen
★★★★★
(2786)
En fortsættelse af ovenstående indlæg om fjordgletsjeren, kaldet "Spalte", i Nordøstgrønland.

Vedhæftede er en animation af området, som det så ud i slutningen af juli i årene 2010-2017. "Spalte" er ved den røde pil. Fjordgletsjeren er en side-udløber af en større isstrøm, der kælver isbjerge i havet til højre for "Spalte".

Fjordgletsjeren, "Spalte", dannes når isstrømmen møder øen ved den blå pil.

Man kan få en fornemmelse for hastigheden, isstrømmen bevæger sig med, ved at se på konturerne ved den orange pil.

Animationen dækker et område på ca. 310 x 180 km.

Et nærbillede af "Spalte" fjordgletsjeren kan ses i dette tidligere indlæg, hvor man også kan finde links til den oprindelige 'nyhed' fra 14. september 2016 fra Jason Box, og 'nyheden' hos TV2. "Spalte" har stadig ikke flyttet sig ud af stedet.

Medierne har leveret fake news om is og klima i årtier.
Tilknyttet billede:


Redigeret d. 27-07-2017 18:59
Side 40 af 41<<<38394041>





Deltag aktivt i debatten Derfor er der ingen grund til at være skeptisk I:

Husk mig

Lignende indhold
DebatterSvarSeneste indlæg
Derfor bliver man skeptisk II114831-10-2016 19:41
Derfor er der god grund til man bliver skeptisk2430-07-2016 19:19
Derfor bliver man skeptisk!87518-02-2014 11:53
CO2, skeptisk gennemgang2820-10-2008 09:02
▲ Til toppen
Afstemning
Vil Sverige forbyde alle benzin- og dieselbiler fra 2030 som foreslået af klimaministeren?

Ja

Nej

Ved ikke


Tak for støtten til driften af Klimadebat.dk.
Copyright © 2007-2017 Klimadebat.dk | Kontakt | Privatlivspolitik